Entrepreneurship and capital formation are critical in every society, and as such, the private sector is an important development actor. However, the private sector needs to be properly nurtured and supported to thrive and perform its function in societal development.

In that regard, this thematic area is on factors (such as government policies and regulations, taxation), actors (such as entrepreneurs, business networks, business support organisations), issues (such as good governance, accountability, anti-corruption initiatives), and institutional arrangements (such as national systems of innovation, entrepreneurial ecosystem, market systems) necessary for creating an enabling environment for different businesses to thrive and scale in Africa. Sample topics include:

  • Business environment and regulatory reforms
  • Business government regulations in Africa
  • Taxation of business and business of taxation
  • Agriculture-driven private sector development in Africa (comparative studies with other sectors)
  • Ecosystems and institutional support for livestock and agribusiness development in Africa


  • Adedapo Adebajo
  • Bongo Adi
  • Kenneth Amaeshi
  • Andrew Bowman
  • Appolinaire Djikeng
  • Uwafiokun Idemudia
  • Ling Liu
  • Judy Muthuri
  • Ndidi Nnoli
  • Tazeeb Rajwani
  • Konstantinos Tsanis